Active and passive voice are two ways of expressing the same idea in a sentence. The difference between the two is based on the relationship between the subject and the verb.
In active voice, the subject performs the action of the verb. For example, John ate the apple. In this sentence, John is the subject and he is performing the action of eating the apple.
In passive voice, the subject receives the action of the verb. For example, The apple was eaten by John. In this sentence, the apple is the subject and it is receiving the action of being eaten by John.
Here are some key differences between active and passive voice:
- Active voice emphasizes the subject doing the action, while passive voice emphasizes the action being done to the subject.
- Active voice is generally more direct and concise, while passive voice can be more wordy and indirect.
- Active voice is often preferred in academic writing and journalism, while passive voice is sometimes used in scientific or technical writing to focus on the results rather than the researcher.
It is important to note that both active and passive voice can be grammatically correct, and the choice between them depends on the context and the intended emphasis of the sentence.
PRACTICE EXERCISES ON ACTIVE & PASSIVE VOICE